Melodrama is the second studio album by New Zealand singer Lorde, released through Universal, Lava and Republic Records on 16 June 2017. A departure from the minimalist style of her debut album Pure Heroine (2013), it is a pop and electropop record incorporating piano instrumentation and maximalist electronic beats. It was produced by Lorde, Jack Antonoff and several high-profile producers including Frank Dukes, Flume, Malay, S1 and Joel Little.The album, recorded after Lorde’s breakup with long-time boyfriend James Lowe in 2015, has been described as a loose concept album that explores the theme of solitude. It follows the framework of a single house party, and the events and moods that ensue. During her writing sessions, Lorde flew between the United States and New Zealand several times, examining the world around her, and continued working through erroneous starts, unsuccessful detours and periods of inactivity as she retreated from the public spotlight.Melodrama received widespread acclaim from critics, many of whom commended its songwriting, production and Lorde's vocal performance. The album appeared on various year-end lists, with Metacritic naming it the second-most prominently ranked record of 2017 and the site's 29th highest rated album of all time. It also received a Grammy Award nomination for Album of the Year at the 60th Annual Grammy Awards.To promote Melodrama, "Green Light" was released as its lead single to commercial success, followed by "Perfect Places" and a remix of "Homemade Dynamite". The album debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 109,000 album-equivalent units, and topped the charts in three other markets. It was eventually certified gold in Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, platinum in Canada and double platinum in New Zealand.